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Antiquity Era Battles

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  DATE

Location / Name 

Attackers

Defenders

Victory

-490  

The Battle of Marathon, Greece

 

50 000 Persians

10 000 Athenians and Allies

Athenians and Allies

 

Initial Situation at the Battle of Marathon (490 BC)

Greek Double Envelopment at the Battle of Marathon (490 BC)

Maps Courtesy of the Department of History, United States Military Academy

 

 

 

-480  

Battle of Salamis, Greece

 

1 000 Persian ships

360 Athenian ships

Athenian Flotilla

 

Thermopylae's Battle and Movements to Salamis

Battle of Salamis (480 BC)

Maps in Public Domain by the US Federal Government

 

 

 

-331   

Battle of Gaugamela

 

Alexander the Great

Darius III of Persia

(two times the size of the enemy)

Alexander the Great

 

Initial Dispositions and Opening Movements at the Battle of Gaugamela (331 BC)

Decisive Movement and Final Attack at the Battle of Gaugamela (331 BC)

Maps Courtesy of the Department of History, United States Military Academy

 

 

 

 

-216

 

Battle of Cannae (Apulia), Italy

 

Consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus
and Gaius Terentius Varro with
86000 Roman and Allied soldiers
(losses: 50000 deaths + 20000 prisoners)

 

General Hannibal and 55000 men
(6000 deaths)

 Cartagena (General Hannibal)

 

Initial Roman Attack and Defeat of Roman Cavalry at the Battle of Cannae (215 BC)

Destruction of the Roman Army at the Battle of Cannae (215 BC)

Maps Courtesy of the Department of History, United States Military Academy

 

 

 

-52  

Siege of Alesia

 

Caesar (Rome)

Vercingetorix (Gaule)

Rome

 

Siege of Alesia (52 BC)

Sketch of the Siege of Alesia, drawn by Muriel Gottrop in December 2004 {GFDL}

 

 

 

-31  

Battle of Actium

 

400 Roman ships

500 Egyptian ships (Cleopatra's forces)

Rome

(Octave / Octavio)

 

Battle of Actium (September 2, 31 BC)

Translated from File:Schlacht bei Actium.svg | Author: Future Perfect at Sunrise, on the basis of work by Lencer and Leo2004 {GFDL}

 

 

 


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