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Battles of the Middle Ages

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  DATE

Location / Name 

Attackers

Defenders

Victory

732  

Battle of Tours

 

 

Charles Martel / Eudes d'Aquitaine

(15 000 - 30 000 Franks)

 

Abd el Rahman

(Abd-er-rahman)

(20 000 - 60 000 Muslims)

Franks

 

Charles de Steuben, Bataille de Poitiers (732)

Charles de Steuben, Bataille de Poitiers, oil on canvas painted circa 1834 -1837 (Musée du Château de Versailles, France / Public Domain).

 

 

 

1066  

Battle of Hastings

 

 

William of Normandy

8 000 Normans supported by Bretons, Flemings and French

 

Harold Godwinson

Circa 8 000 Anglo-Saxons

Normandy

 

Death of King Harold / La mort du roi Harold

Fragment of the tapestry of Bayeux, which shows the death of King Harold / La mort du roi Harold (Public Domain).

 

 

 

1214  

Battle of Bouvines

 

 

Philip Augustus (25 000 men)

 

 

John Lackland (England)

Otto IV (Germany)

Ferrand de Flandre (Flandre)

= 40 000 men

 

Philip Augustus

 

Horace Vernet, La bataille de Bouvines gagnée par Philippe Auguste

Horace Vernet (1789-1863), Bataille de Bouvines gagnée par Philippe Auguste (Public Domain).

 

 

1346  

Battle of Crécy

 

 

Edward III (England)

12 000 soldiers including 7 000 archers

 

France

36 000 soldiers

England

 

Battle of Crécy / La bataille de Crécy (26-08-1346)

Source: History Department at the United States Military Academy (Public Domain).

 

 

 

 

1356  

Battle of Poitiers

 

Edward, the Black Prince (England)

John II (France)

England

 

Prior to the Battle of Poitiers / Manoeuvres préalables à la bataille de Poitiers (13-19 Sept. 1356)

Battle of Poitiers / Bataille de Poitiers (19 Sept. 1356)

Source: History Department at the United States Military Academy (Public Domain).

 

 

 

1410

Battle of Grunwald

 

Wladyslaw Jagiello and Vytautas the Great (Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania)

39 000 men

 

Ulrich von Jungingen (Teutonic Order)

27 000 men

Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

 

Jan Matejko, Battle of Grunwald

Jan Matejko (1838-1893), Battle of Grunwald (Public Domain).

 

 

 

1415

Battle of Agincourt

 

Henry V of England

10 000 soldiers

 

Charles VI of France

30 000 soldiers

England

 

Battle of Agincourt / Bataille d'Azincourt

Source: Released in the Public Domain by its author, Andrei Nacu (Wikipedia Project).

 

 

 

1428 - 1429

Siege of Orléans

England starts the Siege in October 1428

 

Saint Joan of Arc allows the English to withdraw from Orléans and retreat to Meung on the 8th of May 1429

 

France

 
Lenepveu, Jeanne d'Arc au siège d'Orléans

Jules Eugène Lenepveu (painted circa 1886-1890), Jeanne d'Arc au siège d'Orléans (Public Domain).

 

 

 

1453

The Siege of Constantinople

 

Mehmet II

100 000 - 200 000 Ottomans

126 ships

 

Emperor Constantine XI

10 000 Byzantines and 26 ships

 

Ottoman Sultanate

 
Zonaro, Mehmet II conquering Constantinople

Fausto Zonaro(1854-1929), Mehmet II conquering Constantinople (Public Domain).

 

 


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